Bluehost Web Hosting Help

Setting file and user permissions

Summary

This is a short tutorial, or refresher, on how to set file and user Permissions in cPanel.


Changing File Permissions

Linux is a multi-user environment. In a multi-user environment, security of user and system data is very important. Access should be given only to users who need to access the data.
From Cpanel open File Manager. Click on the file/folder name you wish to change permissions for.
Click "Change Permissions". Then select your permissions as appropriate for your needs.

r - Read permission. Whether the file may be read. In the case of a directory, this would mean the ability to list the contents of the directory.

w - Write permission. Whether the file may be written to or modified. For a directory, this defines whether you can make any changes to the contents of the directory. If write permission is not set then you will not be able to delete, rename or create a file.

x - Execute permission. Whether the file may be executed. In the case of a directory, this attribute decides whether you have permission to enter, run a search through that directory or execute some program from that directory.

You will generally want to restrict writable access to "group" and "world" permissions, and set them only for "user" access. Files you do not want changed (ie: read only) should have writable access turned of for all types of access.

If Setting to specific bit number values, they are:
r = 4
w = 2
x = 1

Knowledgebase Article 96,686 views bookmark tags: file permission permissions rights (updated 638 days ago)


Was this resource helpful?

Did this resolve your issue?


Please add any other comments or suggestions about this content:





Recommended Help Content

Knowledgebase Article

Changing File Permissions

How do I change file permissions? (updated 435 days ago)

Knowledgebase Article

MySQL Database Access Outside of cPanel

How do I grant permissions to cPanel for my MySQL database administrator without giving them the domain password? (updated 1652 days ago)

Video

How many files are on my account?

Learn how to see how many files you have on your account using the File Count tool in the cPanel. (updated 191 days ago)

Related Help Content

Knowledgebase Article

FTP Setup Using Filezilla

I would like to use FileZilla how do I go about the setting it up and connecting to my site? (updated 187 days ago)

Knowledgebase Article

Setting a Password for the Main MySQL User

I am prompted to set a new MySQL password. What does this mean and how do I change it? (updated 597 days ago)

Knowledgebase Article

How to set up webmail to go directly to Horde, SquirrelMail or RoundCube

Instructions on how to set up Webmail to redirect as a custom subdomain (updated 443 days ago)

Video

How to renew your cPanel Hosting Account

This tutorial will show you how to renew your Hosting Account, from within the cPanel (updated 1178 days ago)

Getting Started Article

File Manager Overview - Accessing the File Manager

This article will give a basic overview of the File Manager and explain how to access it. (updated 444 days ago)

Knowledgebase Article

FTP Setup Using Dreamweaver 8

How do I setup Dreamweaver 8 for FTP? (updated 666 days ago)

Knowledgebase Article

Emails not sending out with correct character set

Emails are not sending out in the correct character sets. Recipients are receiving odd characters instead of the specified set. (updated 816 days ago)

Knowledgebase Article

WHM - Create a New cPanel

How to create a new cPanel. (updated 48 days ago)